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Support table for known 1-wire wind vane / anemometer units
1-wire weather station on test
There was also a tipping bucket rain gauge available from Dallas. Made of a sturdy plastic moulding, this can attach to a mast. However, this is no longer available; but AAG have conversion kits for the non-one-wire Davis rain gauge.
AAG have two different forms of their TAI8540 module.
The H3-R1-A humidity board is available from Hobby Boards in kit form or assembled. Please note that solar/humidity variants from Hobby Boards may only be assigned to Oww as either a humidity sensor or a solar sensor – not both.
From version 0.81.6 Oww support the DS1923 hygrochron iButton, in forced conversion mode (i.e. live data, not missions).
The old Dallas kit could also be built up as a solar radiation monitor.
The S3-R1-A solar radiation detector is available from Hobby Boards in kit form or assembled. Please note that solar/humidity variants from Hobby Boards may only be assigned to Oww as either a humidity sensor or a solar sensor – not both.
Oww can read from AAG TAI-8570 barometers.
Many thanks to AAG for supplying a sample TAI-8570.
Oww can also read barometric pressure from DS2438-based barometers. Various do-it-yourself designs have been developed. Follow these links for more information:
Many thanks to Simon Atkin for donating a built barometer module (pictured to the right).
The anemometer and rain gauge both count events (cup rotations or bucket tips) using a counter chip. Oww can read from extra general purpose counters as well. One example of a possible use is a lightning detector.
The DC2-R1 dual counter board is available from Hobby Boards in kit form or assembled.
The LD3-R2 lightning detector is available from Hobby Boards in kit form or assembled.
LCD interfaces based on the DS2408 parallel i/o chip may be addressed by Oww, to display weather data. Two types of interface are suuported (they use the two output nibbles differently):
Actually I don't have either of these myself. Instead I made myself a small PCB with headers for both configurations from their published schematics.
See also the iButton LinkHub, below.
Oww now supports DS2409-based hubs, as described by Simon Atkin at www.simat.enta.net
The computer running Oww has to communicate with the weather station devices on the 1-wire net, using a 1-wire net adaptor. Several types of adaptor are available, the most common of which are supported by Oww:
|RISC OS||No||No support planned|
|Linux||Yes||See note about USB configuration|
|BSD||Maybe||Should work, but I've not succeeded yet|
dmesg, my system assigns it to
/dev/ttyUSB0, so I can set
driver /dev/ttyUSB0in the
devicesfile. Note that a special ID is set on the FTDI chip, so that the kernel recognises it as an Eclo adaptor. This required a patch to the source for older versions of the kernel module. I don't think that has been included for the NSLU2 yet (?) but it is in main-line distributions such as OpenSuSE.
|Eclo USB adaptor|
|The iButtonLink LinkHub|
|The iButtonLink LinkUSB|
The WSI603B does now work under Linux, but you have to be careful with your kernel driver.
It is based on the Silicon Labs CP2101 USB-to-serial adaptor. Previously this was not very well supported under Linux. However, if your distribution uses a recent version of the CP210x driver, rather then the older driver supplied by Silicon Labs, you should be Ok. I run openSUSE, and version 11.3 is now running cp210x v0.09, which I can confirm works with the WSI603B.
The adaptor is most convenient to use with the new AAG weather station, as it uses the new RJ45 pinout AAG adopted, and supplies power sourced from an external 12V supply. There are two 1-wire RJ45 sockets, so for example you may use one cable to your wind head, and another to a local sensor, such as a barometer. The internal opto-isolation will make me slightly less nervous when lightning comes by.
As well as full-blown computers running Linux/BSD or RISC OS, I now have Oww running on the Linksys NSLU2 network storage unit, or Slug. This is an XScale-based unit, running Linux, intended to provide a home server to Windows machines, by using Samba. There is a group of hackers at www.nslu2-linux.org who have greatly expanded its functionality. It is equiped with two USB ports. I'm using one for a USB2 external hard disk (in principle it could work with just a USB flash drive instead) and the other for a DS9490R 1-wire adaptor. I have owwnogui logging to the disk, and uploading to Weather Underground.
Some advantages of using this device over a normal PC are:
You will need to follow the instructions on the Web site to convert your slug to unslung.
Then you should log in as
root, and install the oww package:
ipkg install oww
Start off with
owwnogui in interactive mode,
so that you can assign the devices:
You will need to use the interactive commands a to select the adaptor port to use, as the default
/dev/ttyS0( isn't present on the Slug.
Instead, you will want to choose either a USB serial port connected to a DS9097 (or similar) or a DS9490 USB 1-wire adaptor.
To add a USB serial adaptor to the slug you'll need to install some
extra kernel module packages. To find out which, under Linux look at the output of the
it should give you some clues. Mine ends with
"Prolific PL2303 USB to serial adaptor driver".
Under Windows you can try looking at the
Device Manager entry for the
Mine says "Prolific USB-to-Serial Comm Port".
So clearly mine uses the Prolific chip! This is a common one.
Next you need to install the required kernel modules. You'll need to:
ipkg install kernel-module-usbserial
Then you'll need to hardware-specific module:
ipkg install kernel-module-pl2303
Possible alternatives are
For testing you can load these by hand:
The module should then claim the port (
dmesg reports ...
PL-2303 converter now attached to ttyUSB0...).
Now you can run owwnogui in interactive mode (
and set the driver to the USB serial port:
devices driver /dev/ttyUSB0
Now carry on with the devices setup, below, but to make
the modules load automatically at startup you will then need
to create a script. I made
(it needs to have a name that comes before
S80oww so that it
runs first). The contents are just the
for your setup.
Be sure to make the file executable (
chmod a+xr /opt/etc/init.d/S79usbserial).
If you're using a DS9490 adaptor you just need to run owwnogui in interactive mode (
owwnogui -i) and select the
devices driver USB
The DS9490 can through up a few problems especially for an unslung NSLU2. My recommendation is to use version 0.82.1-1 in conjunction with libusb version 0.1.12-1. I have built a version of the old .ipk to host here as it has since been replaced on the normal feed. Since the difference between this the later version is a patch for digitemp, I presume that won't work with the old version. You may need to tell ipkg to remove any more up-to-date versions first, and then force a down-grade.
If you haven't bought your hardware yet I'd recommend avoiding the DS9490 and going with a serial-based adaptor instead. You can use one of the adaptors with USB-RS232 built in, but note that there's no suitable kernel module for the AAG WSI603B on unslung.
Next you can search for sensors and assign them to devices. Be sure to save your devices file at the end. Still in interactive mode, enter the following:
Chances are you'll need to reassign some sensors, as some of Oww's guesses
will likely be wrong.
save devices again when the output makes sense.
You can exit with the
Then run it in daemon mode with
init.d script (this will happen automatically at boot):
Feel free to buy a slug (or anything else) through my Amazon links!
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